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Rosary chapel, crypt, apse, cloister of the Sagrada Familia

Sagrada Familia

The Rosary Chapel, the crypt, the apse and the cloister are the areas inside the Sagrada Familia, the most stuck full of symbols.

The Rosary chapel

Of the two chapels, which are planned at the corners of the cloister, Gaudí finished only the "Our Virgin of the Rosary". The Rosary chapel is a relatively small chapel, whose dome was designed to make it be flooded with light. It is extremely richly ornamented, it seems as the walls were from bobbin lace. Located under the arches is the eye-catching presentation of the death of the righteous, in which the Virgin Mary shows a dying the child.

The figures groups, which generally attract the greatest attention, are several representations of temptations. The first shows a woman with a diabolical monster offered a bag of money, the second a man, led into temptation by another devil with an Orsini bomb, which were used at the time by the anarchists for their attacks. But both resist the temptation with the protection of the Virgin trust.

The crypt is already used

The crypt of the Sagrada Familia is located between the Portal of Birth and the Portal of the Suffering of Christ. The Greek word "crypt" means "hiding" and is attributed to the first Christian graves, which were hidden under houses and catacombs because of the persecution of Christians.

The architect Gaudí would have preferred to aligne the birth of Christ dedicated facade towards the sunrise - the way it traditionally is aligned - and the suffering and death of Christ towards the sunset. But the construction of the crypt had already begun, so it was no longer possible. Gaudí increased the vault and surrounded it by a ditch, so that light and air can directly flue in. The crypt of the Sagrada Familia was completed in 1981.

The crypt is like most church buildings of the 19th century in Neo Gothic style. It consists of one of seven individual chapels surrounded rotunda - the central is dedicated to Saint Joseph. On the opposite are five more, straightforward winding chapels. In the middle of these bands is the altar on which the exhibition is being read. Left of the middle band, the Chapel of the Holy Virgin of Montserrat, the patron saint of Catalonia, is located as well as the Chapel of the Holy Christ, at its feet José María Boca Bella is buried. To their right are the Chapel of the Holy Sacrament and the Holy Virgin of Mount Caramel at its feet Gaudí is buried.

The apse of the Sagrada Familia

The apse is termed in the architecture as a by a half dome covered space. In a church it usually is the area with the altar.

After the completion of the crypt Gaudí styled the apse in the Gothic style with seven other chapels and two side staircases which illustrate the continuation of the crypt's spiral staircases. As a hint to the spiral staircase you can see two huge snails crawling down the external walls of the apse.

The architect Antoni Gaudí

Barcelona's most famous modernist architect, Antoní Gaudi worked on the Sagrada Familia until his death.

Antoni Gaudí

Later, a dome which is dedicated to the Virgin Mary should be established on the apse, in order to build a unit of worship for the blessed Virgin Mary between crypt, apse and the dome. Also an external door of the cloister of the Sagrada Familia is dedicated to the ascension of Mary.

The highlight of the Mary cult within Christianity was in the 19th Century, whereas Gaudí particularly praised the blessed Virgin.

The in 1993, completed apse indicates the ingenuity Gaudí's in its walls, stained glass windows and the big towers. The interior is decorated with angel heads and in groups arranged tears, to recall the sufferings of Christ. Frogs, dragons, lizards, snakes and salamanders stick on the outside wall of the church, "without being able to enter" because they sensualize diabolical forces. They serve the useful purpose, which is leading the rain water to the outside. The crenellations on the walls embody grasses.

The cloister is unusual

Unusual about the church building is the cloister of the Sagrada family. Usually, the cloister of a cathedral or a monastery is inside. However the cloister of the Sagrada Familia is located outside of the four facades and surrounds the various structures, that the Sagrada Familia includes: Baptistery, sacristies and other chapels and ancillary buildings.

The cloister serves as Gaudí even verbalised, for internal composure and for praying, or for processions if they can't be held outside due to rainy weather. But above all, it avoids that road noise penetrates to the inside.

The four sides of the rectangle each are equivalent to one facade, whose portals interrupt the continuity of the cloister, however, only partly because the passage remains possible. It is about the portals - dedicated to the birth or the agony of Christ - which are on both sides of the church at the ends of the transept, and the portal of the bliss before the big nave. On the other side of the cloister is the reluctant dimensioned portal of the Ascension with the side entrances to the crypt.


Important information

Address
Mallorca, 401
www.sagradafamilia.org

Arrival
Metro: Sagrada Familia (L2, L5)
Bus Turístic: Sagrada Familia

Opening times
November-February: 9.00-18.00
March: 9.00-19.00
April-September: 9.00-20.00
Oktober: 9.00-19.00
25 and 26 December,
1 and 6 January: 9.00-14.00
There are sometimes long queues at the checkout.

Admission
Admission: €15.00
Audioguide: €7.00
Children up to 10 years: free admission
Students: €1300
Seniors 65 years: €11.00
Disabled (65%): free admission (+1 accompanying person)
Lift ride + Audio guide: €14.50
Guided tour including admission: from 34.00 €
With the ticket you can view Gaudí's workshop next to the building of the Museum of the Sagrada Familia.

Tips for visiting the Sagrada Familia

For a visit you should plan at least 1-1.5 hours. The Sagrada Familia is the most visited monument in Spain. Therefore we recommend to book the tickets in advance. Or you book a guided visit of the Sagrada Familia without waiting in a queus.



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